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Adamawa
Land of Beauty
Quick Fact
Population: 3,178,950 (2006 census figures) - 26th of 37
Percentage of Nigeria’s total population: 2.26%
Population density: 82 people per square kilometre - 31st of 37
Landmass: 38823.3 square kilometres - 7th of 37
The Sukur Cultural Landscape was the first place in Nigeria to be declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The settlement dates back many centuries, and is notable for its history of iron smelting technology, flourishing trade, and strong political institutions. Its paved tracks and terraced farmlands are unique to this part of the world. Its architecture is also remarkable, in particular the Palace of the Hidi (Chief), the centre of this culture's spiritual life.

Adamawa is one of six states which make up the North East geopolitical zone of Nigeria. It shares an international boundary with the Republic of Cameroon to the east and interstate borders with Borno State to the north, Gombe State to the northwest, and Taraba State to the west and south.

Land Mass, Location, and Population
Adamawa State covers an area of 38,823.3 square kilometres. It lies at latitude 9°20′ north and 12°30′ east. It has a population of 3,178,950 (2006 census figures) and a population density of 82 people per square kilometre. The state accounts for 2.26% of Nigeria's total population.

Main Towns and Cities
Yola, Mubi, Ganye, Numan, Guyuk, Michika, Mayo-Belwa, Gombi, and Jimeta

The state’s name comes from Modibbo Adama, a Fulani disciple of Usman Dan Fodio and the founder of the Adamawa Emirate. The emirate, which traces its origins back to 1809, is headquartered at Yola. The emirs are known by the traditional title of Baban-Lamido.

Adamawa State initially existed as part of the Northern Region in the three-region structure of 1954; it was then known as Adamawa Province.

In 1967, the military government of General Yakubu Gowon created twelve federal states and Adamawa became a part of North-Eastern State. With the creation of nineteen states in 1976 by the military government of General Murtala Muhammed, Adamawa became a part of Gongola State. In 1991, the military government of General Ibrahim Babangida divided Gongola State into Adamawa and Taraba states.

The main ethnic groups in Adamawa are the Fulani, Bwatiye, Chamba, Higgi, Mbula, Margi, KilbaGa'anda, Longuda, Kanakuru, Bille, Bura, Yandang, Yungur, Fali, Gude, Verre and Libo.

The state’s dominant religions are Islam and Christianity, although some of its inhabitants practise traditional religions.

Further Description

Governors and Administrators:

  • Abubakar Salihu (Governor – Military): August 1991 – January 1992
  • Abubakar Saleh (Governor – Civilian (National Republican Convention)): January 1992 – November 1993
  • Gregory Agboneni (Administrator – Military): December 1993 – September 1994
  • Mustapha Ismail (Administrator – Military): September 1994 – August 1996
  • Joe Kalu-Igboama (Administrator – Military): August 1996 – August 1998
  • Ahmadu G. Hussaini (Administrator – Military): August 1998 – May 1999
  • Boni Haruna (Governor – Civilian (People’s Democratic Party)): May 1999 – May 2007
  • Murtala Nyako (Governor – Civilian (People’s Democratic Party)): April 2008 – July 2014
  • Ahmadu Fintiri (Governor - Civilian (People's Democratic Party)): July 2014 – May 2015
  • Jibrilla Jindow ( Governor - Civillian ( All Progressive Congress)): May 2015 - May 2019.
  • Ahmadu Umaru Fintiri ( Governor - Civillian ( People's Democratic Party)): May 2019 - Present.