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What is GERD?

By Nkem Egenuka on Thu, 28/03/2019 - 17:03

GERD - Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a digestive disorder that affects the ring of muscle between the esophagus (food pipe) and stomach known as lower esophageal sphincter (LES).  GERD is the recurrent occurrence of GER. People usually suffer from heartburn or acid indigestion caused by GER.

In other words, gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is the return of the stomach's contents (food and acidic substances) back up into the esophagus. Certain foods and beverage like fried or fatty foods, coffee, spicy foods, chocolate, alcoholic beverages, peppermint may trigger reflux and heartburn.

The most common symptom of GERD is heartburn which can also be referred to asacid indigestion. Heartburn can last as long as 2 hours and worsens after eating.  To obtain relief, one can take an antacid or stand upright.

People, who are overweight, pregnant or smoke, stand a higher chance of having GERD. GERD can worsen if not treated.

 

Prevention and Control

These changes can help relieve GERD

  • Have your dinner 3 hours before going to bed
  • Quit or avoid smoking.
  • Eat moderate amounts of food, do not overeat
  • If you are overweight, losing weight can help prevent symptoms.
  • Do not wear clothing that is tight around the abdomen.
  • Sleep at a slight angle with the head slightly elevated.

 

If you are experiencing regular heartburns please do not hesitate to see a doctor because, GERD can sometimes result to serious complications.

 

Sources

www.webmd.com

www.medicalnewstoday.com

 

Photo Credit

harrisonfc.com

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