The World Health Organization (WHO) recently disclosed new guidelines to deal with the increase in cognitive decline and dementia in the world today.
Dementia results from a variety of diseases and injuries that affect the brain, such as Alzheimer disease or stroke. Dementia is a rapidly growing public health problem affecting around 50 million people globally.
Dementia is a general term for a series of neurodegenerative conditions that cause memory loss. These conditions can become severe and interfere and affect daily routines and activities. It affects memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language and judgement.
According to new guidelines issued by WHO, People can reduce their risk of dementia by getting regular exercise, avoiding alcohol, not smoking, controlling their weight, eating a healthy diet, and maintaining healthy blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels.
The existence of these risk factors means that prevention of dementia is possible through a public health approach.
WHO warns that in the next 30 years, the number of people with dementia is expected to triple; adding that the number is projected to nearly double every 20 years, increasing to 3.48 million by 2030 and 7.62 million by 2050.
The guideline provides a knowledge base for experts in the fight against cognitive decline and dementia. It would help policy-makers in designing programmes that would encourage healthy lifestyles.
Download WHO Dementia Prevention Guideline