‘If it is possible to cut a word out, always cut it out.’
-George Orwell’s Six Rules for Writers
- Avoid Redundant words
Pleonasms and tautologies should be avoided because they are unnecessary and would not make your writing concise.
Examples are: “end result,” “free gift,” and “personal opinion, Absolutely essential, Added bonus, Both of them, Crystal clear, Past history, Point in time, Fewer in number, “oval in shape,” “larger in size,” “shorter in duration,” and others
- Use Adjectives and Adverbs Sparingly
Adjectives in academic writing are often used in the place of evidence. They can be replaced with quantities, data, dates, quotes.
Amitava Kumar says, ‘…avoid using adjectives, except those of color, size and number. Use as few adverbs as possible.
- Explain your ideas one after the other
Writing requires logical development. Let your ideas flow into one another; try not to string too many ideas together so as not to confuse your readers.
- Do Not Use too Many Expletives
Avoid using expletives like “there is” and “there are”; rather, use strong subjects.
- Choose Your Words
Deliberately choose your words because they can enhance or interfere with the meaning of your write-up and your audience may not comprehend.
- Use the right Voice
Each voice has its place in writing whether active or passive. Always use active voice but you can use passive voice rarely. Examples:
The Novelist wrote a striking review. (active)
A striking review was written by the Novelist. (passive)