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Discover Nigeria > Heritage and Culture > The Marshall Caves

The Marshall Caves

The Marshall Cave is located in Bauchi State, Nigeria. These caves were discovered in the early part of the 20th century by a British historian known as P.J Marshall in 1980.

They are fifty-nine dwellings dug into sandstone escarpments. Each cave has a length of 200 metres, depth of 10 metres, and width of 30 and 80 metres.The caves features rock paintings and engravings in various lines, presumably created by their initial inhabitants.

No ones knows who used the caves, though it is obvious they were once inhabited by humans and served as a settlement many centuries ago sheltering communities from wild animals and invaders.Speculations are that, local indigenous people used the caves to hide from slave raiders associated with the Emir of Bauchi and/or Arabic slave raiders coming down from the Sahara region.