Usuma Lake is a beautiful Lake is located at the north west of Abuja. It houses the picturesque Usuma Dam. Close to the Lake is River Usuma, the second largest in the FCT after River Gurara, a perennial stream with a relatively large network of head waters.
It flows majestically through the Aso-Bwari hill ranges running across the north-eastern part of the FCT. The soils of are rich Alluvials and Luvisols. The vegetation is Park Savanna due to extensive human activities such as farming, hunting, tree-felling and others.
The Usuma dam is located on longitude 9º 01’ 12” N and latitude 7º 25’ 16” E. Sited 26 kilometers from Abuja city center along the Dutse-Bwari road, and 10 kilometers away from Bwari, the dam is built across the River Usuma.
The Usuma dam has a reservoir capacity of 120 million m³ of raw, untreated water. The dam consists of two sides: the main dam and the saddle dam. The main dam embankment is 1.3 km long, 47m high and has a crest size of 10m. The saddle dam is 470m long, 15m high and has a crest size of 10m. The total area used up by the dam is 2,500,000 m². The Usuma dam and Payi, Jigo, Kwabwarra and Ushafa communities constitute the area under the coverage of this study.
This beautiful and picturesque dam is the fifth largest in the world and it is located on the Usuma Lake, a few minutes from Abuja.
Apart from its main use, it also has facilities that could pass for tourist attraction such as Fishing, Bush bar settings, and lovely spots for picnics with a view of the Usuma Lake.