The Gwoza Hills are formed by a mountain range known as the Mandara Mountains. They are approximately 1300 meters above sea level and act as a natural barrier between Nigeria and Cameroon. The Nigerian government also uses the hills as a training ground for the Mobile Police, members of the Man-O-War-Bay and various National Orientation courses.
Sambissa Game Reserve
The Sambissa game reserve is located fourteen kilometres from Kawuri Village along the Maiduguri-Bama Road and has an area of approximately 518 square kilometres. It harbours a sizeable population of wildlife typical of the savannah habitat, including monkeys, antelopes, lions and elephants, as well as bird species such as ostrich and bustard.
Lake Tilla is a crater lake located about seven kilometres southwest of Biu in the Hawul LGA. The lake varies in size according to the season. The state government is currently developing a holiday resort by the lake with chalets and restaurants.
Lake Chad is the largest lake in the Chad Basin and is fed by the Chari and Yobe rivers. Although it is located mainly in Chad, the lake spills over into Nigeria, Niger and Cameroon and provides water to thirty million people. Its surface is covered in many small picturesque islands and it is home to various fish and algae species, as well as hippopotami, crocodiles and a number of migratory birds.
Jaffy Falls are situated in the Kwaya-Kusar LGA. The waterfall drops from a fifty-foot high plateau into a valley. It has a pleasant environment ideal for weekend excursions.
Lake Alau is situated off the Maiduguri-Bama Road, some fourteen kilometres away from Maiduguri. It is formed by River Ngada and characterised by a charming, undulating landscape, which is further beautified by the savannah vegetation and sparking shores that surround it.
Sanda Kyarimi Park
The Sanda Kyarimi Zoological Park is located within the Maiduguri metropolis along Shehu Laminu Way. The park was established in 1970 initially as a forest reserve, but gradually developed into a large wildlife sanctuary and botanical park. The 42-acre park houses many animal species and serves as a leisure space for visitors, especially during festivities.
Borno State Museum
The museum is situated at the premises of the Open Theatre within the state capital. It was established primarily for the preservation, exhibition, promotion and research of antiquities as well as contemporary art works, crafts and other historical artefacts of the people of the state.
The fort was built in 1894 by Rabeh Ibn Fade-Allah after the successful invasion of the Bornu Empire and served both his home and headquarters. It is located in the town of Dikwa (approximately eighty kilometres northeast of Maiduguri). It was declared a national monument in 1959.
Shehu of Borno's Palace
The palace of the Shehu of Borno is prominently located at the end of Dandal Way in the Maiduguri metropolis. The palace reflects the grandeur, prestigious relics and modified architectural design of Arab civilizations. It is built of burnt bricks and was constructed by four famous Kanuri masons and architects. The Dandal in front of the Shehu’s palace is used for the Durbar festival as well as the installation and turbanning of traditional rulers.
The Durbar is a key reflection of Borno State’s culture and history. It features a display of horsemanship mainly organised to mark important occasions and Sallah festivities, with royal horsemen, dances, –horses and trumpeters led by the Shehu, emirs, district heads and other traditional title holders.
Other remarkable festivals which attract tourists from far and near to Borno are the Dikwa and Marte Development Association (DDA and MDA) and Menwara festivals. The Dera people of Shani Emirate celebrate the Menwara festival and it offers an opportunity for the Emir of Shani to consult with his people on matters of peace, security, unity and progress. The Menwara also serves as a period for the appreciation of the year’s harvest. It also marks the beginning of the New Year. The Dikwa and Marte Development Associations usually organise cultural activities towards the end of each year to spread a message peace, unity and harmonious coexistence amongst the the populace.