The early settlers of the Federal Capital Territory were the Kwa-speaking people of Nigeria's middle belt region. The Kanuri people from Borno came to the area during the Fulani Jihad in the nineteenth century.
The area of the Federal Capital Territory was originally part of Niger, Nasarawa and Kogi states. It was established in 1976 by the Federal Capital Territory Act of the military government of General Murtala Muhammed.
Abuja is the first planned city in Nigeria and was built in the 1980s. It officially became Nigeria's capital on December 12, 1991.
The main ethnic groups in the Federal Capital Territory are the Gbabyi, Koro, Gade, Bassa, Gwandara and Ganagana. Nine languages are spoken in FCT. The Gbabyi people form the largest ethnic group and the Gbabyi language is the most widespread.
The dominant religions in the Federal Capital Territory are Christianity and Islam, although traditional religions are practised by some of its inhabitants.
Ladi Kwali was a famous Nigerian potter whose ceramic works were exhibited widely in Nigeria and around the world.