Imo State is mostly tropical rain forest with some areas of forest swamp towards its extreme western border. The state’s high population density has resulted in the loss of a large amount of its original forest areas. Agriculture is important in the state and most of its workers are engaged in it. Rubber, mahogany, bamboo, iroko and obeche are cultivated for export markets. Other cash crops grown are oil and raffia palms, rice, corn, cocoa, groundnut, and cotton. Crops cultivated for domestic markets include yams, cocoyams, corn, melon and cassava. Important minerals in Imo State are petroleum, natural gas, limestone, kaolin, zinc, lead, marble, iron ore, salt, granite, quartz and industrial sand. Industrial activity in the state relate mainly to the construction and mining sectors.
Imo State has one federal university - Federal University of Technology, Owerri. one state university – Imo State University, Owerri, two federal polytechnics – Federal polytechnic, Nekede and Federal College of Land Resources Technology, Owerri, one state polytechnic - Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo and one college of education – Alvan Ikokwu Federal College of Education, Owerri.
Ikeji Festival is touted to be “the greatest carnival of masks and masquerades in Africa”.