Kwara State is mostly woodland and forest savannah. Agriculture and animal husbandry are significant commercial activities in the state. The main crops grown are rice, corn, soya and cassava. Mineral resources found in the state include limestone, marble, feldspar, gypsum, kaolin, columbite/tantalite, gold, quartz, mica, talc and granite. The major industries in the state are flour milling, breweries, soap manufacturing and agro-allied industries. Kwara State is renowned for its handmade ceramic pottery, the aso-oke (traditional cloth) and leather industries. Other crafts include weaving and blacksmithing.
Kwara State is home to one federal university (the University of Ilorin), one state university (Kwara State University), two private universities (Landmark University and Al-Hikmah University), three polytechnics (Federal Polytechnic, Offa, Igbonna Polytechnic and Ojoku Polytechnic) and two colleges of education (Kwara College of Education, Oro, and Kwara State College of Education, Lafiaji).
The Esie Museum, established in 1945, is the oldest museum in Nigeria. It houses a large collection of stone images discovered in 1775 by the founder of the town, a hunter named Baragbon.