Agriculture is the major economic activity in Plateau State. Crops grown include potatoes, beans, cotton, shea-nuts, cowpeas, sugarcane, onions, pepper and ginger. Tobacco is also grown in the state. Cattle, sheep and goats are reared by its inhabitants. A number of minerals can be found in the state, including tin, clay, mica, granite, silica, feldspar, gold, gypsum, limestone, phosphate, quartz, kaolin and sand. Plateau State is also home to a number of agro-based, mining and extractive industries.
Plateau State has one federal university (the University of Jos) and one state university (Plateau State University, Bokkos). It is also home to the Plateau State Polytechnic, Barkin Ladi; the Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, Vom; the Federal College of Education, Pankshin; the Federal College of Forestry, Jos; the Federal College of Land Resources Technology, Kuru; the Plateau State College of Agriculture, Garkawa; and a college of education in Gindiri.
The National Museum in Jos, Plateau State was the first public museum in Nigeria. It was set up by Bernard Fagg, a British historian who also first discovered the Nok terracotta sculptures.