Surame Cultural Landscape
The ancient kingdom of Surame existed around the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. It is a unique site that covers an area of nine kilometres, in which one-third of the relics has some traces of human settlement in the form of Hausa foundations, remains of compound enclosures, wall rubbles, wells and fragments of broken pottery. Other features of the site are the walls, Grates, Baobab tree, trench and ditches. The site is located in Binji LGA. It is one of the sites on UNESCO's tentative lists.
This is the site of the historic capital city of Gobir. The city was built about seventy years ago during the reign of Ibrahim Babari of Gobirawa. After its defeat by the Fulani jihadists under Usman dan Fodio, the capital was moved to the newly established Sokoto City. It is located in the Sabon Birnin LGA.
The Gilbadi rocks are located in the Gada LGA. They are famous their ancient fossils which are believed to contain potential clues to pre-historic human existence.
The Goronyo dam was completed in 1984 and commissioned for use in 1992. It is one of the largest in West Africa. It was built along the River Rima in the Goronyo LGA.
The Sokoto museum features many historic relics from the Sokoto Caliphate, including the personal effects of Usman dan Fodio such as copies of his Quran, thrones, maps and scriptures. The museum is located in Sokoto City.
Sultan of Sokoto's Palace
Home of the Sultan of Sokoto the spiritual leader of all Nigerian Muslims; the palace is very symbolic in view of its significance to Islam in Nigeria. It is more of a Mecca to most Nigerian muslims. On the other hand, the palace represents evidence of unique architectural prowess of the people during the time of the Caliphate overlordship. More colourful, apart from the lavish decorations of the Palace, are the palace guards in multi-coloured regalia and robes.
This is a cultural museum featuring the unique cultural artefacts of the Sokoto Caliphate. It is located in the Department of Fine Arts of the Shehu Shagari College of Education in Sokoto.
Hubbaren (Tomb) of Usman Dan Fodio
The Hubbaren is the tomb of Usman dan Fodio who died in 1817. The tomb is located alongside his personal building in Sokoto City. The tomb is also the final resting place for many from his lineage, including his wives, sons and daughters. Most of his companions, disciples and the sultans who ruled the kingdom after him are also buried there. Dan Fodio’s tomb is in small room decorated with a black cloth. It is important to note that women are not allowed to enter the tomb.
Romo Fishing Festival
This is an annual festival held among the Ramon Sarki in Tambuwal local government area. Legend has it that Gumaru whose name was given to the lake where the fishing takes place was a disciple of Shehu Usman dan Fodio. He dug a well at the site which was blessed by the Shehu and eventually the well expanded to a lake. The neighbouring communities around the lake converge between April and May for the purpose of fishing.
Shan Gumba' - Pab Drinking
This is an annual festival organized by butcher youths around October. It features rigorous dancing after which a dancer moves to the centre of the stage to have a drink from a big calabash that contains Gumba, a mixture of millet, alewa and kilishi. A drink takes the dancer off the stage. The festival is more prominent in Dange town of Dange/Shuni local government area.
Aikin Gawa also known as Community farming is an annual farming exercise undertaken by youths of various communities within Sokoto to the farmland of the village head, hamlet head or an Imam of the community. While the job last, drummers, singers and dancers will be entertaining the workers.
Also known as flogging, Sharo is an annual initiation rites organized by Fulani nomads. It features the whipping of young bachelors to determine their eligibility for marriage. It is also a means of testing the endurance of Fulani young men as they face many hardships and rigorous encounters.
This is annual festival organized by youths of the same age to celebrate good harvest at the end of the rainy season. It is common among communities bordering Zamfara State. While the young men are on the farms of community leaders, the maidens will prepare appetising dishes to would-be suitors.
It is an annual hunting expedition embarked upon by the men of a community with guns, dogs and drums. It usually last for many days. It is common among the Sabon-Birnin, Dange, and Yabo local government areas of the state.
Donga River Basin Forests
The Donga River basin forests are located on the slopes and at the foot of the Mambilla Plateau. They include the Baissa, Amboi and Bissaula River Forest Reserves. It is one of the sites protected by the Nigerian Conservation Fund and has been recognised by Birdlife International as an IBA (Important Bird Area).
Nwunyu Fishing Festival
The Nwunyu Fishing festival in Ibi is an annual festival that usually takes place in April. It features canoe racing, swimming competition and cultural dances.